Monday, August 31, 2015

Esther Kirkland 2nd Wife of George Calvert (1690-1771) Widow of Francis Stone

Anne Arundel County, Maryland
Formed in 1650 by the Maryland General Assembly
In Honor of 2nd Lord Baltimore's Wife
Anne Arundel (1615 -1649)
Please do not re post or copy without 
attribution/citation to this blog post. 

I chose this map to show the location of where Esther Kirkland (born circa 1700 died after 1771) was born and raised.  Where Esther Kirkland was born is established by her father Richard Kirkland's land records, and subsequent probate records. Esther Kirkland herself is identified through her 1st husband Francis Stone's probate, father Richard Kirkland's probate, and her 2nd husband George Calvert (1690-1771) probate.  

Esther's father Richard Kirkland's land holdings are significant in relationship to "Calvert's".  

The first record found for Richard Kirkland is 1694, Anne Arundel county, Maryland. December 1694 Richard Kirkland purchased 200 acres of "Brown's Fancy" from William Brown.  Richard Kirkland is found on a 1696 petition in Anne Arundel county, Maryland. 

20 June 1700 - Patent - Liber C D Folio 311
Grants of 100 acres of "Girles Porcon"  Girls Portion, to Richard Kirkland of Baltimore county, lying between branches of Petuxon river, and Charles Carroll (wife Mary Darnell daughter of Henry Darnell) plantacon - plantation called Dohoregan [Records of Baltimore County, KSBR v1 p 17]

Henry Darnell identified as Guardian of Richard Calvert 4th son of William Calvert died intestate. 

These land records reveal that Richard Kirkland was of adult age in 1694 born by 1672, we know from subsequent land records between Richard Kirkland and his eldest son Edward Kirkland 1714 in Stafford county, Virginia which would mean that Edward Kirkland was of adult age in 1714 so born by 1693 that Richard Kirkland would have been of age to marry in 1692. I have established the estimated age of Richard Kirkland to be 1670/1.  This is important in establishing the age of his daughter Esther Kirkland.  

By the date 1703 Richard Kirkland appears on the tax list of Elk Ridge, Baltimore county, Maryland. Some history of Elk Ridge, which is now located in Howard county, Maryland. Please consult map above to view Howard county's relation to Anne Arundel county, Maryland.  Howard county, Maryland. "Elkridge qualifies as the oldest settlement in it's present  county, when Howard was a part of Anne Arundel county, It's location on the Patapsco river was a key element in it's growth". 

To establish Esther Kirkland's age and place of birth it's necessary to view her husband and children's appearance in Virginia records.  Francis Stone Sr first appears in 1719 records his son Samuel Stone appears in 1739 from these dates we can deduce that Francis Stone was of adult age by 1719 born circa 1695/6 going by his son Samuel Stone's estimated birth date an adult by 1739 born by 1718. Francis Stone born at least by 1696 to be of adult age at marriage to wife Esther by 1717, and subsequent birth of son Samuel Stone by 1718.  From these dates we can estimate Esther's age a common age for women marrying in this time period was 16-18 this would place Esther's birth date between 1699-1701.  Esther Kirkland married 2nd George Calvert, and had one child Reuben Calvert Sr., established through the Calvert YDNA project study. Reuben Calvert born circa 1741, means Esther Kirkland would have been at the end of her child bearing years 41 or 42 years of age. It is possible Esther Kirkland was 16 at marriage that would make her 40 years of age at the birth of her son Reuben Calvert Sr.  Having established an estimate birth date for Esther Kirkland, we can establish she was born in that area of Anne Arundel county, Maryland that became Baltimore county, and eventually Howard county, Maryland. Again please refer to the above Maryland county map for reference.  

The importance of Richard Kirkland's property "Girl's Portion". 1688 Henry Darnell patented 1,776 acres of "Girl's Portion" Baltimore county, Maryland, that became Montgomery county, Maryland. This is significant because at the death of William Calvert (1642- 1681) son of Governor Leonard Calvert, Henry Darnell was made the guardian of his minor son Richard Calvert* who died in the fall of 1718 at the home of William Young, per deposition of Joshua Doyne Jr .  1708, Richard Kirkland sold his 100 acres of "Girl's Portion.  1711 Henry Darnell, Wills 925 acres of Girl's Portion to his son in law Charles Carroll, Grandfather of Charles Carroll - Signer of the Declaration of Independence. 

How did Esther Kirkland of Anne Arundel county, Maryland meet and marry her husbands Francis Stone born circa 1696, and George Calvert born circa 1690 Stafford county, Virginia?

These records including photo copies of originals are published on the Kirkland Family Website for the Richard Kirkland family. Richard and family moved from Maryland to Virginia between 1712-1714 to Stafford county, Virginia where Esther Kirkland would marry and be widowed twice. 

On 23 November 1714, in Truro Parish, Stafford County, Richard Kirkland received a Patent for 351 acres on the South side of Blackwater Swamp, "adjoing his old land where on he now lives." 4 5. 

After 24 November 1714, in Truro Parish, Stafford County, a Gift Deed was given by Richard Kirkland planter of Truro Parish gives to Edward Kirkland his son 100 acres situated on North side of Occaquan River, being part of a 268 acre tract granted to said Richard by patent 23 November 1714.

Esther first appears in the record of her husband Francis Stone's probate. 

1743-1744 Prince William County, Virginia Will Book C
pages 239-40. Bond of Esther Stone, Edward Barry, and William Kirkland unto Denis McCarty, 
Gent., justice. For 100 pounds.
26 May 1740 
Ester (X) Stone
Edward Barry
William (X) Kirkland

Page 302. Supplemental inventory of the estate of Francis Stone, deceased.
Total valuation 10.6 pounds
Easter (X) Colvert Signed the inventory
George Reeve
John Reeve 
William (W) Bland

27 April 1741, Esther Colvert returned this additional inventory and it was OR (ordered)

Pages 383-84 Francis Stone estate {account}
25 October 1742 Presented in Court by Esther Colvert. Allowances and adm. to record. 

This establishes that Esther Kirkland was married to Francis Stone and widowed by 1740 and remarried by 1741.

Richard Kirkland's Will 

Richard Kirkland died in Fairfax County, Virginia leaving a Will dated 17 November 1742 proved 19 May 1743, in which he mentions his wife Mary, his sons Robert and John Fairfax and "All my sons and daughters." His wife Mary, and George "Callburd" or "Calbert" as it was else where spelled, were executors. In Prince William County, Virginia, 26 May 1740 Bond for Ester Stone, Administratix for the Estate of Francis Stone.

In the name of God Amen. I RICHARD KIRKLAND of the County of Fairfax being weak of body sound of mind ___ and remembrance praised be God for the same doth make ordaine & appoint this to be my Last will & Testament revoking and disolving all former wills & testaments formerly made by me & ordaining this to be my Last Will & Testament in manner & form following as first I giveth and bequeath my sole into the hands of Almighty God my heavenly father, hoping that through the martrus death and passion of Jesus Christ my Lord and Savor for our free pardon & forgiveness of all my Sins & to obtane a joyfull resurrection at the last day & as for my body to be buried at the discretion of my Exect hereafter nomanated.

Item, I give and bequeath to my son RICHARD Kirkland all my right title & claims which I have to a track of Land Containing two hundred acres of Land being known by the name of Browns Survey & lying & being in Baltimore County.

Item, I give and bequeath to my well beloved wife MARY the plantation on which I now live & all the Land belonging thereunto during the term of her natural life & after her deses to my Son Robert Kirkland & his heirs for Ever, my Son ROBERT Kirkland paying my Son JOHN Kirkland ten pounds current money of Virginia.
Then all my moveable estate I give and bequeath to my well beloved wife Mary during the term of her natural life & after her decease to be Equally Divided amongst all my Sons & Daughters.

Item, I appoint my well beloved wife Mary and George Collbard to be my Execrs. of this my Last Will & Testament.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto Set my hand & seal this Seventeenth day of November 1742.

Richard (his mark) Kirkland

Signed Sealed & delivered
in presence of us:
Thomas Smith
Francis Stone* Grandson from daughter Esther (Kirkland) Stone, Calvert
and my desire is that my Estate Should not be appraised.

Esther Kirkland was married to Francis Stone by 1717, going by the date of her eldest son Samuel Stone Sr 1718, first showing up in records 1739 of age by this date. I do not believe that Esther Kirkland to be born earlier than 1699 and still of child bearing age at the birth of her son Reuben Calvert Sr., born circa 1741, he named a son Richard Kirkland Calvert born 1765 in Prince William County, Virginia.   

Francis Stone and Esther Kirkland had issue:

Samuel Stone born circa 1718 Stafford County, Virginia.
Thomas Stone born circa 1720 put up bond for George Calvert's estate 2 December 1771
Francis Stone born circa 1721 Stafford County, Virginia of age to witness his grandfather's Will.

George Calvert and 2nd wife Esther (Kirkland) Stone had issue:

Reuben Calvert Sr born 1741 died 1777 Revolutionary War. First appeared in Prince William County, Virginia records 1762 of legal age of 21 born estimated 1741 proven through YDNA to match George Calvert's other sons from first wife Constance (1690- died by 1740).

Last record of Esther Kirkland in records was for her late husband George Calvert's estate.

1732-1847 Prince William County, Virginia Bond Book
December 2nd 1771 (2-97)
Know all Men by these Presents, that we Obediah Calvert, Thomas Stone, Ester Calvert Foushee Tebbs and Thomas Blackburn are held and firmly bound to Henry Lee, Howson Hooe, William Carr, and Henry Peyton Gent. Justices of the Court of Prince William County, now sitting, in the sum of five hundred pounds current money.

Obediah Calvert Sr., eldest son of George Calvert (1690-1771) and first wife Constance.

Summary of Esther (Kirkland) Stone, Calvert. 

What does Esther Kirkland's family and ancestry tell us about her relationship with the Calvert families? Did Richard Kirkland know the Calvert's prior to his move to Stafford County, Virginia, through the property a 100 acres of "Girl's Portion" that was originally patented by Henry Darnell in (1688) guardian of Richard Calvert (1670-1718)?  We know that Richard Kirkland was a man of property by the listing of his many properties in Maryland, and subsequently in Virginia. Esther Kirkland came from a family of means. Her husband Francis Stone was a land owner as well as her 2nd husband George Calvert.  I have a speculative line of descent for Francis Stone Sr (1696-1740) going by this record of Thomas Stone and Thomas Stone records HERE, his would be Uncle, through his brother John Stone born circa 1675, that would place Francis Stone, as a son of John Stone and Unknown/ John Stone and Elizabeth Warren / Governor William Stone and Verlinda Graves. John Stone who married Elizabeth Warren, would be the brother of Elizabeth Stone who married William Calvert, parents of Richard Calvert ward of Henry Darnell. Did the widowed George Calvert marry his speculative cousin Francis Stone's widow?  We know from Charles Calvert eldest son of William Calvert and Elizabeth Stone, that Richard Calvert was the 4th son of William Calvert that leaves 2 more sons in between Charles and Richard Calvert, who had all had died but Charles Calvert by the date 1718, when Charles Calvert styled himself the only heir of his brother Richard Calvert. The Calvert Genealogy Group Website HERE, Calvert Genealogy Facebook HERE, Calvert FTDNA surname project HERE, serving all surnames and variations HERE.  

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